In: Management What are the techniques of Decision Making? What are the techniques of Decision Making? 1 Answer Neha Rawat 18 Questions 16 Answers 0 Best Answers 27 Points View Profile Neha Rawat Added an answer on August 17, 2020 at 10:03 pm Techniques of Decision Making Routine and Strategic Decisions: Tactical or routine decisions are made repetitively following certain established rules, procedures and policies. They neither require the collection of new data nor conferring with people. Thus, they can be taken without much deliberation. Such decisions are generally taken by the managers at the middle and lower management level. Strategic or basic decisions, on the other hand, are more important and so they are taken generally by the top management and middle management. Programmed and non-programmed decisions: One categorisation adopted by Herbert Simon is programmed decisions and non-programmed decisions. Programmed decisions refer to decisions made on problems and situations by reference to a pre-determined set of precedents, procedures, techniques and rules. These are well-structured in advance and are time-tested for their validity. As a problem or issue for decision-making emerges, the relevant pre-decided rule or procedure is applied to arrive at the decision. For example, in many organisations, there is a set procedure for receipt of materials, payment of bills, employment of clerical personnel, the release of budgeted funds, and so on. Individual and group decisions: Many decisions, even critical ones, in organisations are made by individual managers, who assume full responsibility for the consequences of such decisions, In fact, individual managers are vested with enough authority to make a large number of decisions, they are paid for the job. The individual managers at their respective levels-right from the chief executive down to first-line supervisor-are called upon to decide many thỉngs. They may get information, factual analytical reports, pros and cons of alternatives and suggested courses of action from their subordinates or from specially established committees. Organisational and Personal Decisions: Organisational decisions are those which a manager takes in his official capacity. Such decisions can be delegated. But personal decisions, which relate to the manager as an individual and not as a member of the organisation, cannot be delegated. 0 Reply Share Share Share on WhatsApp Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Sorry, you do not have a permission to answer to this question.